CONSTITUTION OF THE FEDERAL DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF ETHIOPIA

CONSTITUTION OF THE FEDERAL DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF ETHIOPIA

CONSTITUTION OF THE FEDERAL DEMOCRATIC
REPUBLIC OF ETHIOPIA

CONSTITUTION OF THE FEDERAL DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF ETHIOPIA
CONSTITUTION OF THE FEDERAL DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF ETHIOPIA PPP Amendment Proclamation No 1283-2023

PREAMBLE
We, the Nations, Nationalities and Peoples of Ethiopia:
Strongly committed, in full and free exercise of our right to self-determination, to
building a political community founded on the rule of law and capable of ensuring a
lasting peace, guaranteeing a democratic order, and advancing our economic and
social development;
Firmly convinced that the fulfillment of this objective requires full respect of
individual and people’s fundamental freedoms and rights, to live together on the basis
of equality and without any sexual, religious or cultural discrimination;
Further convinced that by continuing to live with our rich and proud cultural legacies
in territories we have long inhabited, have, through continuous interaction on various
levels and forms of life, built up common interest and have also contributed to the
emergence of a common outlook;
Fully cognizant that our common destiny can best be served by rectifying historically
unjust relationships and by further promoting our shared interests;
Convinced that to live as one economic community is necessary in order to create
sustainable and mutually supportive conditions for ensuring respect for our rights and
freedoms and for the collective promotion of our interests;
Determined to consolidate, as a lasting legacy, the peace and the prospect of a
democratic order which our struggles and sacrifices have brought about;
Have therefore adopted, on 8 December 1994 this constitution through representatives
we have duly elected for this purpose as an instrument that binds us in a mutual
commitment to fulfil the objectives and the principles set forth above.

CHAPTER ONE
GENERAL PROVISIONS

Article 1
Nomenclature of the State
This Constitution establishes a Federal and Democratic State structure. Accordingly,
the Ethiopian state shall be known as the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.
Article 2
Ethiopian Territorial Jurisdiction
The territorial jurisdiction of Ethiopia shall comprise the territory of the members of
the Federation and its boundaries shall be as determined by international agreements.
Article 3
The Ethiopian Flag

  1. The Ethiopian flag shall consist of green at the top, yellow in the middle and
    red at the bottom, and shall have a national emblem at the center. The three
    colors shall be set horizontally in equal dimension.
  2. The national emblem on the flag shall reflect the hope of the Nations,
    Nationalities, Peoples as well as religious communities of Ethiopia to live
    together in equality and unity.
  3. Members of the Federation may have their respective flags and emblems and
    shall determine the details thereof through their respective legislatures.
    Article 4
    National Anthem of Ethiopia
    The national anthem of Ethiopia, to be determined by law, shall reflect the ideals of
    the Constitution, the Commitment of the Peoples of Ethiopia to live together in a
    democratic order and of their common destiny.
    Article 5
    Languages
  4. All Ethiopian languages shall enjoy equal state recognition.
  5. Amharic shall be the working language of the Federal Government.
  6. Members of the Federation may by law determine their respective working
    languages.

Article 6
Nationality

  1. Any person of either sex shall be an Ethiopian national where both or either
    parent is Ethiopian.
  2. Foreign nationals may acquire Ethiopian nationality.
  3. Particulars relating to nationality shall be determined by law.
    Article 7
    Gender Reference
    Provisions of this Constitution set out in the masculine gender shall also apply to the
    feminine gender.
    CHAPTER TWO
    FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES OF THE CONSTITUTION
    Article 8
    Sovereignty of the people
  4. All sovereign power resides in the Nations, Nationalities and Peoples of
    Ethiopia.
  5. This Constitution is an expression of their sovereignty.
  6. Their sovereignty shall be expressed through their representatives elected in
    accordance with this Constitution and through their direct democratic
    participation
    Article 9
    Supremacy of the Constitution
  7. The Constitution is the supreme law of the land. Any law, customary practice
    or a decision of an organ of state or a public official which contravenes this
    Constitution shall be of no effect.
  8. All citizens, organs of state, political organizations, other associations as well
    as their officials have the duty to ensure observance of the Constitution and to
    obey it.
  9. It is prohibited to assume state power in any manner other than that provided
    under the Constitution.
  10. All international agreements ratified by Ethiopia are an integral part of the law
    of the land.
    Article 10
    Human and Democratic Rights
  11. Human rights and freedoms, emanating from the nature of mankind, are
    inviolable and inalienable.
  12. Human and democratic rights of citizens and peoples shall be respected.

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